March 9 martyrs and the release of oil and wine. What is the meaning of the covenants of Great Lent?

The Easter fast, the most severe of the fasts of the year, also has a few days of rest for the weakness of the human body and in honor of the days on which the great feasts take place.

Fast days that are suggested to indulge in oil and wine are those days when you can cook with oil and wine, or have a glass of wine after your meal, if you like. Untying is performed only on certain days, somehow every Saturday and Sunday during the Easter fast, after the Holy Liturgy, on the feast of the 40 martyrs, March 9, on the Annunciation, March 25, but only if it is on Thursday, Friday or Saturday of Passion Week, and not this year, when it falls on Saturday, and only the untying of the fish is done.

During the year, it is still allowed to cook with oil and wine or drink wine on February 24, when the Finding of the Head of John the Baptist is celebrated, and during the Nativity Fast, on November 23 and 30, as well as on December 4, 5, 6, 9, 16 and 20 if they fall on a Monday, Wednesday, or Friday during major holidays.

Why can't oil and wine be consumed during fasting?

Among the foods that we all know to be eliminated from the diet during fasting are oil and wine. Few people take into account the prohibition to use them during fasting on the grounds that they are also of plant origin. Priest Andrei Atudori explained why the rule for their exclusion was introduced in response to “Oil is a vegetable product, but fasting without oil is not connected with the origin of oil, but with the fact that eating cooked food without oil is a great need . In general, food cooked with oil tastes better than without oil.

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The monastic fathers and some lay people add to this the urge to eat without oil during fasting, so as not to sweeten their senses with the good taste of food. That is, do not turn food into pleasure in itself, but use it only in order to maintain body functions and that's it.

What you need to know about Lent

This year, Lent began on February 20 and will end on April 16, when the Lord's Resurrection will be celebrated. It is held in memory of the sacrifice of the Savior and His Resurrection, as well as the 40-day fast that Jesus observed before the temptation on Mount Carantania. During these seven weeks, weddings, christenings, parties, singing and dancing are not allowed.

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Those who have the strength can fast every Wednesday and Friday, and on the first two days of fasting and the last week, Holy Week, you can eat only bread and water, once a day, in the evening. On the other days of the usual fast, they refuse cheese, dairy and meat, and on Christmas Eve they fast until the evening, when you can eat pretzels, fruits, boiled wheat sweetened with honey.


Church canons offer fasting to children under seven years old, because they are pure in soul, to pregnant women, to strengthen and health babies, as well as the sick.

Fasting involves more than just abstaining from food

In addition to fasting from the mouth (meat, eggs, dairy products, cheeses), it is necessary to take care of the soul through prayer, care for one's neighbor, reconciliation with all acquaintances. Since fasting means not only the rejection of food of animal origin, then those who observe it, but also those who have indulgence, need to be temperate in everything, pray more and do good deeds through alms, forgiveness of those who are angry, avoidance of anger, quarrels, rejection of small things. pleasures. All of them are called to remind of the passions of the Savior.


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March 9 martyrs and the release of oil and wine. What is the meaning of the covenants of Great Lent?